#77 😷 Coronavirus has now spread to every continent 😷

Tempo de leitura: 8 minutos

Coronavírus por Ulisses Wehby de Carvalho

CORONAVÍRUS

coronavírus

Coronavirus has now spread to every continent — Textos Mastigados #77

Venha ler e traduzir comigo o artigo Coronavirus has now spread to every continent except Antarctica e amplie seus conhecimentos sobre o coronavírus. Você vai aprender e/ou rever o significado e a pronúncia de spread, pandemic, outbreak, mainland China, grapple, border, community spread, severe, illness, respiratory, disease, fatality, WHO, hold off, criteria, hard-hit, rattle, shutdown, supply chain, dash, speedy, spark, stock, rout, entre muitas outras palavras e expressões de uso cotidiano.

Faço o convite para que você possa enriquecer seu vocabulário sobre o surto do coronavírus (coronavirus outbreak), aperfeiçoar sua pronúncia e ampliar seus conhecimentos gerais. O texto trata tanto dos riscos à saúde quanto dos impactos na economia global.

Como de costume, as dúvidas são esclarecidas na seção de comentários. Participe!

Coronavirus has now spread to every continent

Public health officials warned Wednesday that the spread of the novel coronavirus is inching closer toward meeting the definition of a global pandemic, as the number of cases outside mainland China continues to grow, including in South Korea where a US soldier has tested positive for the virus.

  • OFFICIAL (n.) /əˈfɪʃ(ə)l/ = someone with an important position in an organization [autoridade, dirigente, alto funcionário, executivo]Cf. OFFICIAL
  • WARN (v.) /wɔrn/ = to make someone conscious of a possible problem or danger so that they will not be hurt [alertar, avisar]
  • SPREAD (n.) /spred/ = a situation in which disease begins to infect more and more people [dispersão, difusão, propagação, alastramento]
  • NOVEL (adj.) /ˈnɑv(ə)l/ = new, or unusual [novo, desconhecido, original]Cf. NOVEL
  • CORONAVIRUS (n.) /kəˈroʊnəˌvaɪrəs/ = any of a group of RNA viruses that cause a variety of diseases in humans and other animals [coronavírus, Covid-19]
  • INCH (v.) /ɪntʃ/ = to move somewhere very slowly and gradually, or to make something do this [avançar lentamente]
  • CLOSE (adj.) /kloʊs/ = only a short distance away, or separated by only a short distance [próximo, perto]
  • TOWARD (prep.) /tɔrd/ /təˈwɔrd/ = used for saying in which direction someone or something is going, facing, or looking [em direção a]
  • PANDEMIC (n.) /pænˈdemɪk/ = a disease that affects almost everyone in a very large area [pandemia]
  • CASE (n.) /keɪs/ = an example or instance of something [caso, exemplo]Cf. Pronúncia de CASE, BASE, GASOLINE, HOUSE etc.
  • MAINLAND (n.) (adj.) /ˈmeɪnˌlænd/ = a large mass of land that forms the main part of a country but does not include any islands belonging to the country [continente; continental]
  • MAINLAND CHINA (n.) = a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world [China Continental]

Brazil announced its first case of coronavirus today, marking the first time the virus has been reported in South America. The outbreak has now spread to six of the world’s seven continents. It has not yet reached Antarctica.

  • ANNOUNCE (v.) /əˈnaʊns/ = to make a public or official statement, especially about a plan, decision, or something that has happened [divulgar, declarar, anunciar]Cf. Business English – Part 2 
  • OUTBREAK (n.) /ˈaʊtˌbreɪk/ = the sudden start of war, disease, violence, etc. [surto, irrupção, erupção, surgimento repentino]
  • SPREAD (v.) /spred/ = to gradually affect or cover a larger area [espalhar, alastrar, propagar, expandir]
  • SEVEN CONTINENTS (n.) = Asia, Africa, Europe, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica. [Europa, Ásia, África, América, Antártida e Oceania]
  • ANTARCTICA (n.) /ænˈtɑrktɪkə/ = the most southern continent and the one that contains the South Pole [Antártida, Antártica]

Iran and Italy are also grappling with major outbreaks within their borders that have turned deadly, and a top official from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned that the United States could see the virus spread within its borders.

  • IRAN (n.) /iˈran/ /ɪˈræn/ = a country in the Middle East, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf; population 79,100,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Tehran; languages, Farsi (Persian) (official), Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, and others [Irã (Brasil); Irão (Portugal)]
  • GRAPPLE (v.) /ˈɡræp(ə)l/ = to fight with someone [agarrar, lutar corpo a corpo]
  • MAJOR (adj.) /ˈmeɪdʒər/ = important, serious, large, or great [importante, principal]Cf. MAJOR
  • BORDER (n.) /ˈbɔrdər/ = the official line separating two countries or states [fronteira]
  • DEADLY (adj.) /ˈdedli/ = able or likely to kill people [letal, fatal, mortal]Cf. Vocabulário sobre morte em inglês

Ultimately we expect we will see community spread in this country. It’s not so much a question of if this will happen anymore, but rather more a question of exactly when this will happen and how many people in this country will have severe illness,” said Dr. Nancy Messonnier, the director of the CDC’s National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases.

  • ULTIMATELY (adv.) /ˈʌltɪmətli/ = finally, in the end [em última análise, no final das contas, essencialmente]
  • COMMUNITY SPREAD (n.) = a serious outbreak of a contagious disease; the spread of a contagious disease among numerous members of a community as opposed to a few isolated cases [contágio em comunidades]
  • COUNTRY (n.) /ˈkʌntri/ = an area of land that has its own government and official borders [país]
  • SEVERE (adj.) /sɪˈvɪə(r)/ = very bad in degree or extent [grave]
  • ILLNESS (n.) /ˈɪlnəs/ = the state of feeling sick or of having a disease [doença, enfermidade]
  • RESPIRATORY (adj.) /ˈrɛspərəˌtɔri/ = relating to the process of breathing air in and out [respiratório]
  • DISEASE (n.) /dɪˈziz/ = an illness that affects people or animals, especially one that is caused by an infection [doença]

South Korea currently has the largest outbreak outside mainland China, with, more than 1,200 people infected — including the first US soldier — and at least 12 dead. Iran’s health ministry has confirmed at least 139 cases and 19 fatalities. In Italy, at least 374 people have been infected and 12 have been killed, while Algeria, Croatia, mainland Spain and Switzerland all announced their first confirmed cases.

  • CURRENTLY (adv.) /ˈkʌrənt(ə)li/ = at the present time [hoje, atualmente]
  • LARGE (adj.) /lɑrdʒ/ = bigger than usual in size [grande]
  • FATALITY (n.) /fəˈtæləti/ = a death caused by an accident, war, violence, or disease [fatalidade, morte]
  • ALGERIA (n.) /ælˈdʒɪriə/ = a republic in northwestern Africa, on the Mediterranean coast; population 48,300,000 (estimated 2015); capital, Algiers; official language, Arabic [Argélia]

The World Health Organization (WHO) has so far held off on classifying the coronavirus’ spread as a global pandemic, but the outbreak appears to be getting closer to meeting the global health body‘s definition of one.

  • WHO – WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (n.) /ˌdʌb(ə)lju eɪtʃ ˈoʊ/ = the World Health Organization: an international organization that is part of the United Nations and helps poorer countries by giving them information and medicine [OMS – Organização Mundial da Saúde]
  • SO FAR (adv.) = up to the present [até agora, por enquanto]Cf. Por que o Present Perfect é tão difícil?
  • HOLD OFF (phrasal verb) = to deliberately delay doing something [adiar, postergar]
  • BODY (n.) /ˈbɑdi/ = a group of people who work together for an organization or the government and have important responsibilities [organismo, organização, instituição, órgão]

Continua…

Essa foi só a primeira parte do artigo Coronavirus has now spread to every continent. Se você gostou e quiser continuar a leitura sobre o coronavírus, acompanhe a segunda parte do texto no vídeo a seguir. Há índice na descrição com links para você já saltar para os trechos de seu interesse. Se quiser receber um .pdf contendo todo esse material didático, conheça o Clube Tecla SAP. Bons estudos!

Coronavirus has now spread to every continent


Clube Tecla SAP

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