[Fair. Also used in the names of the days of the week.]
TIPS & NOTES
In English, the names of the days of the week come from planetary names or from Anglo-Saxon and Scandinavian deities:
- Sunday – Day of the Sun.
- Monday – Day of the Moon.
- Tuesday – Day of Tiu.
- Wednesday – Day of Woden.
- Thursday – Day of Thor.
- Friday – Day of Frigg.
- Saturday – Day of Saturn.
In Portuguese, the word feira comes from the Latin ‘feria’ – ‘free day’. So we have the words férias and feriado for ‘holidays’.
In the third century AD, Constantine sanctified all the days of the week with the name – ‘feria’ – to signify a Christian feast day or religious festival. So the seven days became… ‘Prima feria, secunda feria, tertia feria, quarta feria, quinta feria, sexta feria’ and ‘septima feria’.
In the fourth century ‘prima feria’ became domingo – Lord’s Day (Sunday) and ‘septima feria’ became sábado – Sabbath (Saturday).
Portuguese is the only modern language that preserves this ecclesiastical style of naming weekdays.