Verbos irregulares

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Ulisses Wehby de Carvalho

Verbos irregulares em inglês

Não deixe de ler o texto “Irregular verbs: Como aprender os verbos irregulares” para conhecer alguns macetes para estudar os verbos irregulares da língua inglesa. Se tiver alguma dúvida sobre a pronúncia de qualquer palavra da lista abaixo, consulte o post “Como pronunciar as palavras em inglês?“.

CfComo aprender inglês com as séries de TV
Cf10 dicas infalíveis para quem quer aprender inglês

  • arise – arose – arisen [surgir; erguer-se]
  • awake – awoke – awoken [despertar]
  • be – was; were – been [ser; estar]
  • bear – bore – borne [suportar; dar a luz]
  • beat – beat – beaten [bater]
  • become – became – become [tornar-se]
  • begin – began – begun [começar]
  • behold – beheld – beheld [contemplar]
  • bend – bent – bent [curvar, entortar]
  • bet – bet – bet [apostar]
  • bid – bid – bid [oferecer, fazer uma oferta]
  • bind – bound – bound [unir; encadernar]
  • bite – bit – bitten [morder]
  • bleed – bled – bled [sangrar]
  • blow – blew – blown [soprar; explodir]
  • break – broke – broken [quebrar]
  • breed – bred – bred [procriar, reproduzir]
  • bring – brought – brought [trazer]
  • broadcast – broadcast – broadcast [irradiar, transmitir (via TV ou rádio)]
  • build – built – built [construir]
  • buy – bought – bought [comprar]
  • verbos irregularescast – cast – cast [arremessar, atirar]
  • catch – caught – caught [pegar, apanhar]
  • choose – chose – chosen [escolher]
  • come – came – come [vir]
  • cost – cost – cost [custar]
  • creep – crept – crept [rastejar]
  • cut – cut- cut [cortar]
  • deal – dealt – dealt [negociar, tratar]
  • dig – dug – dug [cavar]
  • do – did – done [fazer] Cf. Falsas gêmeas: DO x MAKE
  • draw – drew – drawn [desenhar]
  • drink – drank – drunk [beber]
  • drive – drove – driven [dirigir (veículo)]
  • eat – ate – eaten [comer]
  • fall – fell – fallen [cair]
  • feed – fed – fed [alimentar]
  • feel – felt – felt [sentir]
  • fight – fought – fought [lutar]
  • find – found – found [encontrar (Compare “FOUND x FOUNDED x FUNDED”)]
  • flee – fled – fled [fugir, escapar]
  • fly – flew – flown [voar; pilotar]
  • forbid – forbade – forbidden [proibir]
  • forget – forgot – forgotten [esquecer]
  • forgive – forgave – forgiven [perdoar]
  • freeze – froze – frozen [congelar]
  • get – got – got (BrE) / gotten (AmE) [obter]
  • give – gave – given [dar]
  • go – went – gone [ir]
  • grind – ground – ground [moer]
  • grow – grew – grown [crescer; cultivar]
  • have – had – had [ter]
  • hear – heard – heard [ouvir] Cf. Falsas Gêmeas: HEAR x LISTEN
  • hide – hid – hidden [esconder]
  • hit – hit – hit [bater, atingir]
  • hold – held – held [segurar; abraçar]
  • hurt – hurt – hurt [ferir, machucar; magoar]
  • keep – kept – kept [manter]
  • know – knew – known [saber; conhecer]
  • lay – laid – laid [pôr; botar ovos (Compare “LIE” com “LAY”)]
  • lead – led – led [liderar]
  • leave – left – left [deixar, partir]
  • lend – lent – lent [emprestar (Compare “LEND” com “BORROW”)]
  • let – let – let [deixar]
  • lie – lay – lain [deitar (Compare “LIE” com “LAY”)]
  • lose – lost – lost [perder] Cf. Falsas gêmeas: LOSE x MISS
  • make – made – made [fazer, fabricar] CfFalsas gêmeas: DO x MAKE
  • mean – meant – meant [significar]
  • meet – met – met [encontrar; conhecer]
  • overcome – overcame – overcome [superar]
  • overtake – overtook – overtaken [alcançar; conseguir]
  • pay – paid – paid [pagar]
  • put – put – put [pôr, colocar]
  • quit – quit – quit [desistir, abandonar]
  • read /riid/ – read /réd/ – read /réd/ [ler]
  • ride – rode – ridden [cavalgar; andar (de bicicleta); passear]
  • ring – rang – rung [tocar (campainha)]
  • rise – rose – risen [erguer-se (Compare “RISE” com “RAISE”)]
  • run – ran – run [correr; concorrer (em eleição)]
  • saw – sawed – sawn [serrar]
  • say – said – said [dizer]
  • see – saw – seen [ver]
  • seek – sought – sought [buscar; procurar]
  • sell – sold – sold [vender]
  • send – sent – sent [enviar]
  • set – set – set [pôr, colocar; ajustar]
  • shake – shook – shaken [tremer]
  • shed – shed – shed [derramar]
  • shine – shone – shone [brilhar, reluzir]
  • shoot – shot – shot [atirar; filmar]
  • show – showed – shown [mostar, exibir]
  • shrink – shrank – shrunk [encolher]
  • shut – shut – shut [fechar]
  • sing – sang – sung [cantar]
  • sink – sank – sunk [afundar]
  • sit – sat – sat [sentar]
  • slay – slew – slain [matar, assassinar]
  • sleep – slept – slept [dormir]
  • slide – slid – slid [deslizar, escorregar]
  • speak – spoke – spoken [falar]
  • spend – spent – spent [gastar]
  • spin – spun – spun [fazer girar]
  • spit – spit / spat – spit / spat [cuspir]
  • spread – spread – spread [espalhar; disseminar, difundir]
  • spring – sprang – sprung [saltar]
  • stand – stood – stood [ficar em pé; suportar]
  • steal – stole – stolen [furtar]
  • stick – stuck – stuck [fincar, enfiar]
  • sting – stung – stung [picar, ferroar]
  • stink – stank – stunk [feder]
  • strike – struck – struck [golpear; atacar]
  • strive – strove – striven [esforçar-se]
  • swear – swore – sworn [jurar]
  • sweep – swept – swept [varrer]
  • swim – swam – swum [nadar]
  • swing – swung – swung [balançar]
  • take – took – taken [tomar]
  • teach – taught – taught [ensinar; lecionar]
  • tear – tore – torn [rasgar]
  • tell – told – told [contar]
  • think – thought – thought [pensar]
  • throw – threw – thrown [jogar, atirar]
  • undergo – underwent – undergone [submeter-se a]
  • understand – understood – understood [entender]
  • uphold – upheld – upheld [sustentar; apoiar]
  • wear – wore – worn [vestir; usar (roupa)]
  • win – won – won [vencer]
  • wind /uaind/ – wound /uaund/ – wound /uaund/ [enrolar; dar corda] Cf. Homógrafas: WOUND (pt, pp of WIND) / WOUND (n.)
  • write – wrote – written [escrever]

Cf. Lista de Verbos Regulares?
Cf. Pronomes e verbos reflexivos
Cf. Verbos que não são usados nos tempos contínuos
Cf. Termos gramaticais em inglês e sua tradução